Starting from the basics we can say that:
Thermal insulation is the ability to maintain the desired temperature inside a room. For example, in summer, the thermal insulation does not allow the hot air that is outside to penetrate the walls and enter while maintaining the cold climate that we have created with the air conditioner. Respectively, in winter, the cold air is blocked outside the house and at the same time the warm indoor atmosphere from the radiators is maintained inside the space.
It is achieved through use suitable materials called thermal insulation materials and are commercially available in the form of slabs - panels.
Thermal insulation can be applied to the floor, the roof, the floor, but also to the shell of a building either internally or externally. Exterior thermal insulation is the most common type thanks to its significant advantages.
Exterior thermal insulation-Thermal facade (or thermal facade), is called the construction solution in which the thermal insulation boards are placed on the outer surface of the building shell.
The thermal insulation boards that are the main structural element of a thermal facade are placed in combination with other materials that form a external thermal insulation system (glue, mesh, plasters, etc.). The steps of its implementation are a complex process which we will analyze in the next article. Briefly, in a thermal facade the thermal insulation boards are placed with glue and with special plugs in the wall, then a layer of glue is applied on top of which a glass mesh is integrated and finally a colored plaster for the final protection and aesthetics of the final face.
The The most commonly used thermal insulation material is expanded polystyrene and especially the graphite expanded polystyrene which is chosen by experts as it offers up to 20% better thermal insulation performance compared to graphite expanded polystyrene.
It is worth noting that it is the dominant material at pan-European level, as 82-83% of the external thermal insulation is made of expanded polystyrene-EPS (white and graphite) while only 11-12% with mineral wool (including stone wool).
Exterior thermal insulation is a construction choice that has been applied for more than 50 years in Europe and has been proven to work and perform excellently. It is applied in new and old buildings for which it is an ideal opportunity for their aesthetic upgrade.
What do you achieve by applying an external thermal insulation system?
Contribute to the protection of the environment. The energy consumption of buildings is dramatically reduced, thus reducing the pollutants produced by the consumption of fuel for heating or cooling.